Canola Watch – July 21, 2021

July 21, 2021
Bertha armyworm appears to be under control this year, but it’s still a good idea to know what to look for. Click the video above for more information.

Canola Quiz – Grasshoppers

Grasshoppers are often worse in hot, dry conditions. This quiz will help with your grasshopper management.

Take the Quiz

In This Issue

Watch pre-harvest intervals when spraying for insects
Some crops are advancing fairly quickly with the dry conditions. Just in case farmers do need to spray for insects, keep in mind that the pre-harvest interval for the chosen product might come up quicker than usual. If that is the case, select something with a short pre-harvest interval. Quickly compare products with the Spray to Swath Interval calculator.
New threshold tool for fighting lygus bugs
Ongoing dry conditions throughout the Prairies continue to make lygus bugs — a common pest in canola — a concern among producers. Scouting with a sweepnet is the bedrock tool for determining lygus presence in a canola crop and determining whether or not to spray. Thresholds for spraying have — since the ‘90s — been partially connected to crop value. However, research conducted by AAFC researcher Hector Carcano suggest a different approach to thresholds unrelated to these economic considerations. See New research driving threshold changes for lygus bugs for more information (scroll down to the first headline on the page). When scouting for lygus bugs or a wide host of other crop predators, consider using the Pests and Predators Field Guide — a publication full of practical tips for identifying and managing insect pests as well as identifying and protecting beneficial insects. Lygus bugs have natural enemies; a few of them are listed here.
Grasshopper scouting tips, predictions available
Dry conditions throughout western Canada have also increased the risk of grasshoppers in canola fields. Due to their considerable mobility, grasshoppers can be notoriously difficult to scout for. See the Grasshopper Canola Encyclopedia page for information. Additional scouting tips are available here and here. The latter link also includes Prairie-wide predicted grasshopper development as of July 4. The action threshold for grasshoppers is eight to 12 per square metre. Again, the Pests and Predators Field Guide is a recommended resource.
Bertha armyworm under control
Bertha armyworm is one of the most worrisome insect pests of canola, having caused severe infestations in the past. However, populations appear to be under control across the Prairies. For example, according to last week’s 
, “We are over half way through the trapping period, and all the counts in Manitoba are still in the low risk category.” Scouting information on Bertha armyworm is available here.
Sclerotinia spore tests show low risk on selected farms
The Canola Council of Canada agronomy team tried out a few sclerotinia spore tests this year. (For more on the three tests, please read this article in Canola Digest or this article in Country Guide.) Results, as you might expect due to the low-moisture conditions, were very low. Shawn Senko tested canola fields east of Saskatoon with spores showing up on just one of eight samples collected, indicating an overall “very low” risk. Clint Jurke on the Alberta-Saskatchewan border detected zero per cent levels in two tests. Nate Ort in Manitoba had 2.5 per cent in one test and zero per cent in the other. Without spores on petals, sclerotinia stem rot risk is very low. Read more about sclerotinia stem rot risk factors in Canola Encyclopedia. Information on sclerotinia testing is available here.

Scout Checklist

Lygus Bugs

Diamondback Moth Larvae

Bertha Armyworm

Root Rots

Sclerotinia Stem Rot

Pod Abortion/Breaks

Blackleg

Clubroot

Community Connect

Make Every Seed Count: Practical Tips to Minimize Canola Harvest Loss — July 27 at 12:00 pm CST. Moderated by Jay Whetter, CCC communications manager and editor of Canola Digest. Featuring Marcel Kringe (founder of Bushel Plus), Neil Smith (VP of business integration for Bushel Plus) and Shawn Senko (CCC agronomy specialist). Everyone registered will be eligible to win a Bushel Plus Harvest Loss System. Pre-registration is required. Register here.

Ag Forward: Managing on-farm plastics — Many farmers have shared their preference for options that avoid “use and discard’ practices for on-farm plastics, but admit they are challenged to find alternatives. A new series of articles is being published to give producers advice on how to manage on-farm plastics. They can be found at https://cleanfarms.ca/alberta-ag-forward-managing-on-farm-plastics/ and through the “Programs by province/Western Canada/Alberta” navigation. The program is a co-operative effort between the Government of Alberta, Cleanfarms and Agricultural Plastics Recycling Group (APRG).

Fire prevention and safety. To prevent machinery fires, perform a pre-operational inspection on any equipment on a daily basis. Look for 1.) Any build-up of crop residue around the engine, exhaust systems and belts and chains, 2.) Any damage or worn parts on the exhaust system, drive belts, electrical wiring, moving parts, 3.) Any signs of leaking fluids, oils and fuel or 4.) Any odour of burning electrical wiring. For more fire prevention and safety tips, click 

.

Do More Ag – 2021 has thrown a lot at all of us. Mother Nature has shared everything from drought, drowning and hail to extreme heat, frost and even a few tornados. Visit www.domore.ag/resources for resources, crisis lines and websites that can help with your mental well-being.

ASK A QUESTION

CONTACT THE AGRONOMY TEAM


Canola Watch is a free, unbiased, timely and research focused weekly newsletter from the Canola Council of Canada Crop Production Team

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Upcoming Events

Grower Engagement Meeting - Lethbridge

Alberta Canola is hosting four Grower Engagement Meetings across Alberta during November & December 2021.
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Alberta Canola is hosting four Grower Engagement Meetings across Alberta during November & December 2021.
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